fnO; Lo:i
iwT; Jh nknk Hkxoku


ekuork ds fy, vius lq[kska dh vkgqfr nsus okys ;qxizorZd lUr Jh e?kuey th ftUgsa lHkh lRlaxh nknk th ds uke ls tkurs gSa dk ?kjk ij vorj.k 3 tuojh 1892 dks flU/k ¼ikfdLrku½ es gqvk Fkk A budk ikyu&iksÔu oSHkoÓkyh ?kjkus esa lEiUurk ds lkFk gqvk A vaxzsth ,oa flU/kh HkkÔk esa vkidh fÓ{kk iw.kZ gqbZ A vkidk fookg ,d lEiUu ifjokj dh dU;k #fDe.kh ls gqvk A vkius ghjksa dk O;kikj fd;k A vki O;kikj ds {ks= es cgqr gh dqÓy Fks] cqf) bruh rhoz Fkh fd vki vkl&ikl ds yksx ladV dh fLFkfr esa vkils jk; ysus vkrs Fks rFkk vkidh jk; vDlj yksxksa dks ykHkizn gksrh Fkh A Óq: es vki cgqr jktlh BkB&ckV ls thou O;rhr djrs Fks A vkids bl ,sÓo;Z ;qDr thou esa Hkh ,d ckr cMh egRoiw.kZ Fkh] vki lR; dk O;ogkj djrs ,oa lrksxq.k dk gh vkJ; ysrs A la{ksi es bruk gh dguk i;kZIr gS fd vki ,d vknÓZ xzgLFk Fks A

ysfdu vkidk vorj.k dsoy lalkj fuHkkus ds fy, ugh gqvk Fkk] vkidks tks txr m)kj dk egku dk;Z djuk Fkk A rks vkids Hkhrj vkReKku dh ftKklk mBh vkSj QyLo#i ln~xq: dh izkfIr gqbZ A lPpk xq: rks ;ksX; fÓÔ; dh izrh{kk gh djrk jgrk gS A vYidky esa gh xq: us vkidks Kku vU; yksxkas dks iznku djus dh vkKk nh vkSj vKkr~ LFkku dks pys x;s A nknk Hkxoku dks xq: dk lkFk yxHkx ,d oÔZ dk gh feyk vkSj bl ,d oÔZ esa gh nknk dh fLFkfr Kkuh dh gks xbZ A xq: us vkidks foÓsÔ :i esa fL=;ksa esa Kku QSykus dh vkKk nh] D;ksafd Kku ds vHkko esa fL=;ksa dh nÓk ml dky esa nhu&ghu tSlh gks pyh Fkh A nknk us ,dkUr esa cSBdj iqLrdksa] ÓkL=ksa ,oa /keZxzUFkksa dk v/;;u fd;k A izR;sd ÓkL= ,oa /keZxzUFk ds lkjxfHkZr rRo dks iwT; Jh nknkth us vius vUrl ds xgu xEHkhj eUFku dk;Z }kjk latks;k A ihfMr ekuork dh iqdkj] fL=;ksa ds m)kj dh fpUrk us nknk ds ân; dks nzfor dj fn;k A yksd dY;k.k gsrq ;g egku lUr /kjk dks ve`riku djkus gsrq laxzke ds vuojr iFk ij py fn;s vdsys——————A

izd`fr vc nknk th ls cgqr cM+k dk;Z djkuk pkgrh Fkh vkSj blds fy, rS;kjh foinkvksa ls Óq: gqbZ A nsÓ dk foHkktu gqvk] nknk ikfdLrku NksM+dj Hkkjr vk;s A O;kikj esa yEch gkfu gqbZ A nknk us ,sÓo;Z dk thou NksM+ lknk thou izkjEHk fd;k A

lEiUu ,oa oSHkoÓkyh ?kjkus esa tUe ysdj jktlh xq.kksa ls lEiUu ;g foHkwfr vpkud vh viuh x`gLFkh o lkalkfjd cU/kuksa ds chp ls xqtjrs mudh fnÓk bZ’oj dh vkSj eqM+ xbZ A bldk dkj.k O;kikj esa yEch gkfu dk gksuk Fkk A ml ladV dh fLFkfr esa muds lkeus nks gh mik; Fks] izFke eksg R;kx vkSj lalkj R;kx f}rh; mik; dk;Z dh iqu% Óq:vkr A fdUrq bu nksuksa dk vUr Fkk rks nqfuk;oh ;k ek;koh gh A vr% vkius blds vfrfjDr rhljs ekxZ dk p;u fd;k tks lHkh cU/kuksa ls ÅapkbZ dh vksj tk lds A nknk Hkxoku us oDr dh utkdr dks le>k vkSj lkFk gh bl ckr dks Hkh ekuo nsg nSo rqY; gS vkSj vkRe lk{kkRdkj rFkk Hkxoku dks tkuuk gh bldk y{; gS A

nknk us blds ckn reke /keZ xzUFkksa dk v/;;u fd;k A ,d txg bUgksaus i<+k fd ^^lUr dh efgek osn u tkus] tsrk lquS rsrk gh c[kkus** A bruk tkuus ds iÓpkr~ nknkth us vius xq: ds Kku ij gh thou fcrkus dk n`<+ fuÓp; fd;k A ;gha ls buds /kkfeZd thou dh Óq:vkr gksrh gS A thou dk ;g u;k izHkkr nknkth dks Å¡pk mBkus ds fy,] pedkus ds fy, vk;k Fkk A izHkkr ds bl lw;Z dh izR;sd jf’e lqugjh Fkh A Kku o HkfDr ds /kkxksa ls tqMh ;g thou J`a[kyk vykSfdd cu x;h A ;g vykSfddrk lEiw.kZ foÓo dks u;k lUnsÓ ns x;h A u;h ih<+h] u;s tekus ds ifjorZuksa ls lkeatL; cSBkrs gq, mUgksaus v/;kRe rFkk /keZ lEcfU/kr u;h ifjHkkÔk,a chloha lnh dks nh A blfy, os ;qx izorZd ds :i esa izfl) gq, A

xq: feyus ls igys mudk thou jktlh rFkk lkfRod xq.kksa dk feJ.k Fkk A jktlh xq.k bl ckr ls >ydrs fd os ftl pht dks ilUn djrs mls gkfly djus esa dHkh ihNs u gVrs rFkk lkfRod bl ckr ls fd ;fn izkIr dh gqbZ oLrq fdlh vU; dks ilUn vk tkrh rks rqjUr mnkj Hkkouk ls izsfjr gks ml oLrq dks ns nsrs] ekuks eksg uke dh pht gh u gks A mudk x`gLFk thou vR;Ur lq[kn rFkk lqy>k gqvk Fkk A lHkh mUgsa vknj dh utj ls ns[krs] lekt ds laHkzkUr rFkk x.kekU; O;fDr;ksa esa mudh fxurh dh tkrh Fkh A leL;kvksa dk eqLdjk dj lek/kku djuk nknk th dh vknr lh Fkh A ifjokj rFkk vkl&iMksl ds yksx vkidks lykgdkj ds :i esa ekurs Fks A mudh e/kqjrk dh lqxU/k muds ifjokj okyksa ds e/; esa bl rjg QSyh fd mudh csVh pUnzk vkxs pydj xq: ijEijk dh gdnkj cuh rFkk ^xhrkHkxoku* ds uke ls izfl) gqbZ A

dgrs gSa fd mudh ,d cgw ls fdlh us iz’u fd;k fd rqEgkjs llqj rks ghjs ds O;kikjh Fks] vkidks cgqr ghjs fn;s gksaxs cgw us tokc fn;k] ^^gka esjs llqj us eq>s cgqr v/;kfRed ghjs fn;s gSa] ftudks u pksj dHkh ywV ldrk gS rFkk u gh ;s v/;kRe ds ghjs dHkh [kks ldrs gSa** A buds ifjokj okyksa dh vxk/k J)k ns[kdj vDlj lRlaxh HkkbZ cgu vkÓp;Z ls vk tkrs Fks A

nknk th dk ân; ljy] cqf) dqÓkxz] LoHkko cky lqyHk Fkk A cPpksa ds lkFk feydj cPps cu tkuk] ;qok ds lkFk ;qok rFkk o`) ds lkFk o`)] muds LoHkko dh eq[; foÓsÔrk Fkh A ;s dgrs Fks fd vius dks uk;yku dh tqjkc cuk yks tks lc dks fQV tks tkrh gS A vius dks jcM+ dh xqfM;k cuk yks tks gj rjg ls eqM+ tkrh gS D;ksafd eqM+us okyk tqM+rk gS A vM+us okyk VwV tkrk gS fc[kj dj jg tkrk gS A

nknk th ds ân; esa fL=;ksa dh nhu nÓk ds izfr ,d foÓsÔ izdkj dh n;k Fkh A fdlh Hkh L=h dh nhu&ghu nÓk dks ns[kdj mudk ljy ân; nzfor gks tkrk A mudk dguk Fkk fd ^^eSaus fL=;ksa ds m)kj ds fy, gh Ójhj /kkj.k fd;k gS** A muds le; esa fL=;ksa dh fLFkfr lekt esa Ókspuh; Fkh A fo/kok gksus dh fLFkfr esa rks lekt vR;kpkjksa dh vfr dj nsrk Fkk A mudh ihM+k lqudj nknkth dh vka[ks ue gks tkrh Fkh A ml ;qx es Kku us fL=;ksa ds fy, lathouh dk dke fd;k A nknk th ds czã Kku ,oa minsÓ ls fL=;ksa dks u;h ÓfDr feyh] fdUrw blds fy, mUgsa cgqr gh dBksj ijh{kk ls xqtjuk iM+k A lekt us mUgs dM+os ÓCn dgs] f/kDdkjk D;ksafd lekt ifjorZu dks tYnh Lohdkj ugha djrk A fdUrw vUr esa blh lekt us mudks rgsfny ls Lohdkj fd;k rFkk mudh fu”dkerk vkSj fu%LokFkZrk dks iz.kke fd;k A le; lk{kh gS fd izR;sd Kkuh rRonÓhZ rFkk lekt lq/kkjd dks lekt us igys rks f/kDdkjk vkSj ckn esa Lohdkj dj t;t;dkj Hkh dh A

nknk th us lPps xq: dh igpku Hkh crk;h fd xq: ,slk pkfg, tks NqM+k ns lalkj A xq: og tks eksg dk ukÓ djs A mUgha ds ÓCnksa esa [kqnk dk eryc [kqn vk] vFkkZr vius ân; dks bruk ifo= cukvks fd [kqnk Loa; vkids ân; esa vkdj cSB tk;s A

nknkth oDr ds ikcUn Fks A os le; dh dher dks igpkurs Fks A muds thou dk fu;e Fkk fd ikap feuV nsj ls igqapus ls vPNk gS iUnzg feuV igys igqapuk A izkd`frd okrkoj.k esa thuk] lqcg ls jkf= rd Kku rFkk v/;;u ds dk;Z esa O;Lr jguk] mudh deZÓhyrk dk ifjpk;d Fkk] mUgksaus dgk fd fufÔØ; ugha oju~ fufÓpr cuks A Not tension but attention vkRek dh ckr lnSo mudh tqcka ij jgrh Fkh A izR;sd ckr] izR;sd leL;k dk ,d gh tokc nsrs rqe vkRek gks A You are atma.

izÓu djus vk;s ,d lk/kd us dgk fd mls vius csVs dh e`R;q gks tkus dk xgjk nq[k gS A rc nknkth us l[r ygts esa tokc fn;k fd rqe vekur esa [;kur djrs gh D;ksa gks ;g lc bZ'oj dh yhyk gS] og QSykrk Hkh gS vkSj lesVrk Hkh gS A lEiw.kZ lalkj esa bZZ’oj gh bZZ’oj O;kIr gS A

lkalkfjd iziap ls mudh v#fp gks pqdh Fkh A mudh iRuh Hkh dHkh iziap dh ckr djrh rks nknk dgrs] djrwr iÓq dh ekuqÔ tkr] yksd ipkjk djs fnu&jkr A vFkkZr~ Ójhj rks euqÔ; dk gS ijUrq dk;Z iÓq ds gSa] D;ksafd nwljksa ds gh iziap djrs jgrs gks A lkalkfjd foÔ;ksa ij ;gka rd fd muds Ójhj dh vLoLFkrk ds foÔ; esa Hkh ckr djrk rks mUgsa mfpr ugha yxrk A os lnSo ;gh dgrs fd I am better than you mudh izeq[k J`)kyq ÓkUrkth tks fd lnSo nknkth dh lsok esa rRij jgrh Fkh] os tc Hkh mUgsa MkDVj ds ikl ys tkrh rks MkDVj ds iwNus ij ^^Ójhj vkSj LokLF; dSlk gS ** nknkth ÓkUrkth dh rjQ bÓkjk dj nsrs buls iwNks eq>s D;ksa yk;h gS eSa rks ,dne rUnq#Lr gw¡ D;ksafd Man is ninety eight percent mental only two percent physical eSa chekj ugha gw¡] eSa vkRek gw¡ vkSj ;g dgrs gh os vka[kksa dks cUn dj ysrs ekuksa /kjrh dk ,d egku riLoh uhan ls Hkh ØhM+k dj jgk gks A

nknkth dk lEiw.kZ thou ,d laxzke Fkk A vius le; ds deZdk.Mksa ij mUgksaus dbZ izpkj fd, A mUgksaus mu if.Mr iqjksfgrksa dks Hkh f/kDdkjk] tks iSls fd fy, Hkxoku dks csprs gSa A mudk dguk ;gh jgk fd tSls thou dh vewY; oLrqa, & gok] ikuh ,oa lw;Z dh jksÓuh gesa fu%ÓqYd feyrh gS] mlh izdkj /keh fo|k nsus okys xq# dks Hkh fu%LokFkZ ,oa fu”dke gksuk pkfg, rFkk xq# dks dHkh Hkh Kku dks mnjiwfrZ dk lk/ku ugha cukuk pkfg, A

,d fnu ,d J`)kyq us iwNk fd nknkth lkalkfjd fÓ{kk ysdj rks ge fo|ky;~ dks ÓqYd ¼Qhl½ nsdj m_.k gks tkrs gSa fdUrw vki tSls xq# ls bruk Kku ysdj mldk _.k dSls pqdk;s rks nknkth us ljyrk ls tokc fn;k fd firk ftl ?kj esa csVh dh Óknh djrk gS fQj ml ?kj ls ikuh Hkh ugh ysrk A xq# Hkh tc fÓ”; dks viuh Kku :ih csVh nsrk gS rks fÓ”; ls cnys esa dqN ugha ysrk A

nknk ls lPps J)kyqvksa us tc nknk dks igpku fy;k rks mudk eu pkgk fd lkjh nqfu;k dks crk nsa vius iSxEcj ds ckjs esa] ysfdu nknk us eqLdjk dj bl ckr ds fy, jksd fn;k vkSj dgk fujkdkj lc djrk gqvk Hkh fNik jgrk gS] oSls gh gesa Hkh fNi dj gh jguk pkfg, A dhfrZ viuh djkuk viuk iru djuk gSa A dhfrZ gh dhM+k gS tks euqÔ; dh ml Ók[kk dks dkVrk gS ftl ij cSBdj og bl dhfrZ dk gdnkj cuk gqvk gS A

dkfeuh] dapu] dhfrZ dk eksg tks R;kx lds og gh czãKkuh gksrk gS A ,sls rRoKkuh egku xq# dks ftlus Hkh ns[kk os vkt Hkh mudh ve`rok.kh i<+dj ;k lqudj Hkko foHkksj gq, fcuk ugha jg ldrs A thou nÓZu esa mUgksaus ifjorZu fd;k A HkkSfrd ;qx esa v?;kfRedrk dh igpku mUgksaus djok;h A mUgksaus dksbZ vkJe] laxBu] efUnj vFkok VªLV ¼U;kl½ ugha cuk;k cfYd izR;sd /kj dks efUnj cuk;k A mUgksaus minsÓ fn;k fd ^^efUnj esa jgdj Hkxoku vkt rd iqtkjh ls ijnk j[krk gSA Hkxoku eu efUnj esa jgrk gS A izR;sd ?kV mldk fuokl gS] izR;sd Óokl mldh ?kaVh gS] izR;sd eqLdqjkgV mldh lqxU/k gS A**

nÓZukÓkL= ds izfr nknk th dh /kkj.kk ,dne [kqyh fdrkc Fkh] mudk dguk Fkk fd Philosophy means a balanced life larqfyr thou gh nÓZu gS A vlarqyu gh ekuo ds nq[k dk dkj.k gS A thou ds lHkh dks.kksa ls le>uk ,oa le>kuk mudh ckrksa ,oa ulhgrksa esa fn[kkbZ nsrh Fkh A mUgksaus dgk fd vkxs c<+ks ekxZ dks eafty le> dj er foJke djks A /keZ] foKku] HkkSfrd fdlh Hkh {ks= esa efgykvksa dh mUufr ns[k mUgsa foÓsÔ izlUurk gksrh Fkh A

nknkHkxoku dks xq# dk lEcks/ku vPNk u yxrk] iSj Nwuk Hkh mUgsa ilUn u Fkk A os thou Hkj xq# u cus fdUrq muds izsfe;ksa us mUgsa xq# dk lEcks/ku fd;k] ;g ÓCn Hkxoku ls Hkh Å¡pk gS A nknkHkxoku dh ljyrk ckydor Fkh A dBksjrk rFkk dVqrk muls ehyksa nwj Fkh A v/;kfRed thou Óq# djus ls igys Hkh ;fn mudh iRuh #fDeuh ls mudk fookn gks tkrk vkSj cksypky cUn gks tkrh rks nknkHkxoku Loa; ckr djus dh igy djrs vkSj dgrs ukjkt gks dj nks fnu ds Hkh vkuUn dks D;ksa de fd;k tk;s A mudh ok.kh esa tksÓ rFkk psgjs ij rst lnSo fn[krk Fkk A vifjxzg muds thou dk ;FkkFkZ igyw Fkk A

,d fnu nknk th ls fdlh us dgk fd nknkth vki dh deht cgqr iqjkuh gks x;h gS] u;h flyok nh tk; mUgksaus rqjUr mrj fn;k ^u;h dh D;k vkoÓ;drk gS Ójhj :ih pknj Hkh rks iqjkuh] gks xbZ gS A* gkL; ds iqV esa bÓkjk fd;k yks ;g lwrh pknj bl dh nks dehtsa flyok nks] xehZ esa vkjke feysxk A oSHko esa thou O;rhr djrs Hkh og brus vifjxzgh Non Possessive Mood esa vk x;s A tks Hkh muls feyrk HkkofoHkksj gksdj vkRek dh gh ckr djrs A

cl muds eq[k ij ;gh ÓCn jgrs ^^eSa rqEgkjh vekur ¼Kku½ [kqnk ls ysdj vk;k gw¡ rqe viuh vekur eq>ls ysdj tkuk A

ekpZ 1975 esa tc nknk dk Ójhj vf/kd d`Ódk; gks pqdk Fkk rFkk cEcbZ ds MkDVjksa us mUgsa l[r vkjke dh fgnk;r dh] rc Hkh mUgksaus ;gh ÓCn dgs] ^y[kuÅ dh /kjrh eq>s iqdkj jgh gS] #nziqj esa MkDVj ek[khtkuh rFkk mudk ifjokj eq>s iqdkj jgk gS* vkSj 85 oÔZ dh mez esa Hkh mUgksaus #nziqj rFkk y[kuÅ dh ;k=k dh A #nziqj esa ,d fnu nknkth us lcdks dejs ls ckgj tkus dk vknsÓ nsdj lQsn pknj vks<+dj vdsys esa l;e fcrk;k ekuks e`R;q ls lk{kkRdkj dj jgs gks A yxHkx nks ?k.Vs ckn tc nknk ckgj fudys rc izsfe;ksa dks pSu vk;k A

21 vizSy dks nknk #nziqj ls y[kuÅ dks pys A 21 vizSy dh ;k=k esa nknk yxHkx ;ksxfunzk esa gh jgs A vc nknk v/kZpsru lh voLFkk esa igqap x;s A y[kuÅ mrjrs gh ,EcqySal }kjk nknk dks flfoy vLirky ys x;s A gSejst dh otg ls iwT; Jh nknk dksek esa pys x;s A rhu fnu vLirky esa j[k dj nknk dks y[kuÅ ds eq[; vkokl 4] eky ,osU;w esa yk;k x;k A nks fnu ckn tc nknk dks FkksM+k gksÓ vk;k rks cksys] ^esjh fgEer ns[kks eS vkrk tkrk ugha gw¡] eSa lnSo gh gw¡ A eSa dy Hkh Fkk] vkt Hkh gw¡] vkSj dy Hkh jgwaxk A esjk ukÓ ugha gksrk] eSa vej lr fpr vkuUnLo:i gw¡ A* blds ckn nknk vkse ds vfrfjDr dqN ugha cksys A

cslgkjksa ds lgkjs] d#.kk dh ewfrZ] ÓfDrÓkyh opuksa ds bl egku lUr us viuh thou yhyk 29 vizSy 1975 fnu eaxyokj izkr% 9 ctdj 5 feuV ij lesV dj fonsg eqfDr vkSj thou eqfDr dks izkIr fd;k A vkdkÓ ls nsorkvksa us Qwyksa dh oÔkZ vkSj teha ij izsfe;ksa us vkalqvksa dh oÔkZ dh A vej vkRek lfPPknkuUn dh fujUrj xwat ds chp nknk th dh Ójhj dh bgyhyk lekIr gqbZ A nknk th us vo/k dh Óke ,oa jaxhfu;ksa ds fy, eÓgwj bl y[kuÅ dks viuh fuokZ.k LFkyh cukdj ifo= dj fn;k A nknk d`".k cu xhrk Hkxoku esa] ÓfDr cu nknk Ó;ke esa] HkfDr cu ehjk esa] ukjk;.k cu ukjk;.kh esa vkSj ÓkfUr cu ÓkUrk esa lek gks x;s A ue vka[kksa] vkSj vkse~ ds ukan ds lkFk izsfe;ksa us vius I;kjs dks fonkbZ nsdj ;gh Qfj;kn dh——–

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